The Week in Breach: 06/17/20-06/23/20 | CloudSmart IT

The Week in Breach: 06/17/20-06/23/20

The Week in Breach Ransonware

This week a massive data breach leaks thousands of police records going back two decades and ransomware strikes again.

Cybersecurity News: Dark Web ID’s Top Threats

  • Top Source Hits: ID Theft Forums
  • Top Compromise Type: Domain
  • Top Industry: Manufacturing
  • Top Employee Count: 11 – 50 

United States – Netsential 

Exploit: Unauthorized Database Access

Netsential: Web Development Firm 

cybersecurity news gauge indicating extreme risk

Risk to Small Business: 1.272 = Extreme

A security breach at this Texas-based web development company led to the exposure of hundreds of thousands of potentially sensitive files from U.S. police departments. Dubbed “BlueLeaks”, this massive data breach contained 270 gigabytes of information going back 24 years, from August 1996 through June 19, 2020. Files contained names, email addresses, phone numbers, PDF documents, images, and video, CSV, and ZIP files related to criminal investigations. Some of these files also contained sensitive financial information as well as personally identifiable information and images of suspects from law enforcement and government agency reports. 

cybersecurity news gauge indicating extreme risk

Individual Risk: 1.405 = Extreme

While there is no estimation of how many individual records were exposed, anyone who suspects that their information may have been affected should monitor their personal and financial accounts for potential fraud and beware of spear phishing attempts. 

Customers Impacted: Unknown

How it Could Affect Your Business: One compromised credential can lead to a data breach that has a devastating impact on any business, destroying the trust that partners have in a company’s commitment to making and maintaining secure, high-quality software -especially when it’s intended to handle sensitive information.

United States – SB Tech

Exploit: Ransomware

SB Tech: Online Gambling Technology Provider 

ybersecurity & breach news represented by agauge showing severe risk

Risk to Small Business: 2.302 = Severe

In an SEC filing made as part of a three-way merger including Diamond Eagle Acquisition Corporation last week, DraftKings noted that SB Tech had been hit with a ransomware attack in March 2020 that caused an approximate one-week outage its online sports and casino betting capability. It also caused online betting sites that used the platform to suffer service outages.  As a result, DEAC renegotiated the merger to include a $30 million fund to fend off future litigation and costs associated with the attack.

Individual Risk: No individual data was reported compromised

Customers Impacted: Unknown

How it Could Affect Your Business: The results of a cyberattack aren’t just problematic immediately – they can affect future business transactions. While the attack did not stop this merger, it did add potential additional cost and could cause future partners to think twice. 

Canada – Agromart Group

Exploit: Ransomware

Agromart Group: Agricultural Services Conglomerate 

ybersecurity & breach news represented by agauge showing severe risk

Risk to Small Business: 2.020 = Severe

As ransomware attacks ramp up around the globe, Dark Web DDoS group REvil has innovated their attack tactics to include auctioning off stolen data if victims refuse to pay the ransom. This just happened to Canadian agribusiness services company Agromart Group, which also owns Sollio Agriculture. The first 22,000 files stolen from the agricultural company entered Dark Web markets last week with the starting price of $50,000.  

Individual Risk: No individual data was reported compromised

Customers Impacted: Unknown

How it Could Affect Your Business: A data breach at a third-party partner can be just as problematic as a data breach at home for businesses. Compromised financial and identity information can hang around in Dark Web markets for a long time, creating continued risk. 

United Kingdom – Wiggle

Exploit: Credential Compromise  

Wiggle: Sporting Goods Retailer 

cybersecurity news represented by a gauge indicating moderate risk

Risk to Small Business: 2.807 = Moderate

Online sporting goods retailer Wiggle has announced that an indeterminate number of customer accounts have been tampered with, including delivery address changes and unauthorized purchases made on customers’ stored payment cards. Complaints about unauthorized purchases have been reported since mid-May, but the UK retailer just announced the incident this week. The company has released a statement saying that a small number of accounts were affected and blaming the incident on customers reusing passwords that have been compromised elsewhere online.

cybersecurity news represented by a gauge indicating moderate risk

Individual Risk: 2.623 = Moderate

Customers with online payment information stored in the company’s online shopping platform should suspect potential suspicious activity on those payment cards, and all customers should change their account login credentials for Wiggle’s online store.

Customers Impacted: 100+

How it Could Affect Your Business:  It’s not just customers – reusing passwords is a common behavior among staffers too, and that’s a sure-fire way to open a channel to trouble. Staffers must learn the importance of password security and how to make strong, unique passwords to protect systems and data.

United Kingdom – National Health Service (NHS)

Exploit: Email Compromise

National Health Service (NHS): UK National Healthcare System

cybersecurity news represented by a gauge indicating moderate risk

Risk to Small Business: 2.671 = Moderate

113 internal email accounts from Britain’s NHS were used to send malicious spam to targets outside the organization. The NHS confirmed last week that this misuse by bad actors occurred between May 30 and June 1, 2020. The account compromise discovery comes as part of a larger investigation by the National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) into a widespread phishing attack campaign across many public service organizations in the UK that the NHS first reported in October 2019. 

cybersecurity & breach news Week in Breach gauge indicating moderate risk

Individual Risk: 2.892 = Moderate

All of the internal NHS accounts that were compromised and used to send out malicious emails in this incident were identified, and everyone who received a malignant email has been warned. Authorities noted that no personal information was leaked, but targets of the scheme did receive a phishing email sent from an NHS account.

Customers Impacted: 500+

How it Could Affect Your Business: Phishing campaigns are always dangerous, whether the attacks are intended to compromise 10 accounts or 1000 accounts. All staffers must be alert to phishing attempts and ready to report them quickly to administrators. 

Italy – Ariix Italia

Exploit:  Unsecured Database

Arix Italia: Wellness Multilevel Marketing  

ybersecurity news represented by agauge showing severe risk

Risk to Small Business: 1.489 = Severe

An unsecured Amazon Simple Storage Service bucket that containing more than 36,000 documents was recently compromised at Ariix Italia, the newly launched Italian subsidiary of multilevel marketing firm Ariix.  Sensitive information including scans of national IDs, credit cards, and health insurance cards was exposed. The database also contained sales representative enrollment contracts that included full names, addresses, tax identification numbers, and signatures of mostly Italian citizens. 

cybersecurity news represented by acgauge showing severe risk

Individual Risk: 1.489 = Severe

Ariix Italia customers and sales representatives who have previously provided the company with their personal information should verify that their identities have not been used to commit fraud or other illegal activities and beware of attempted identity theft or phishing attempts. 

Customers Impacted: 30,000

How it Could Affect Your Business: Failure to adequately protect customer and employee data is no longer a mistake that gets overlooked as an accident. Partners, whether clients or representatives, expect that by entering a business relationship with a firm, that organization will protect any sensitive data involved, and will be less likely to want to do business with a company that can’t.   

Australia – Lion Beer Australia

Exploit: Ransomware

Lion Beer Australia: Brewing and Beverage Conglomerate 

cybersecurity & breach news gauge indicating extreme risk

Risk to Small Business: 1.339 = Extreme

For the second time, beverage giant Lion Beer Australia has been walloped with a major cyberattack. Ransomware appears to be the culprit again as attackers using REvil ransomware disrupted both brewing and distributing operations again, but did not completely shut down the company this time. Lion Beer Australia is still reeling from a ransomware attack reported just a week ago. Attackers have reportedly demanded $800,000 to decrypt the affected files. The company has turned from recovery after the prior attack to boosting security in an attempt to avoid future incidents.

Individual Risk: No individual data was reported compromised

Customers Impacted: Unknown

How it Could Affect Your Business: Ransomware is a growing menace for every business, and it can have especially devastating consequences on companies that are engaged in manufacturing and distribution. As ransomware becomes both more widely used and more effective, cybercriminal groups are engaging in a high-stakes game of chicken with affected companies, demanding soaring sums for relief. 

Australia – BigWorld Technology

Exploit: Unauthorized Database Access

BigWorld Technology: Massively Multiplayer Online Game Developer 

ybersecurity news represented by agauge showing severe risk

Risk to Small Business: 1.997 = Severe

Usernames, passwords, email addresses, phone numbers, and IP addresses belonging to players of popular adventure MMO Stalker Online recently appeared on the Dark Web. Game developer BigWorld Technology admits the passwords were stored in MD5, a known insecure secure encryption algorithm. Two databases were found on underground sites by cybersecurity researchers, one containing around 1.2 million records and another of 136,000 records.  Bad actors had also set up a shop on hawking the data, which was operational for more than a month and has since been shut down.   

cybersecurity news represented by a gauge showing severe risk

Individual Risk: 2.215 = Severe

While no financial information was reported compromised in the breach, Stalker Online does involve microtransactions making account data compromise a risk. Players may also be at risk of identity theft and should reset their credentials immediately. 

Customers Impacted: 1.3 million

How it Could Affect Your Business: This breach was discovered by white hat actors outside the company. If they hadn’t reported it, who knows how long it would have been before affected users were informed of the potential risk. Failure to secure customer information is bad enough, but failure to even notice that a breach has occurred is devastating to customer confidence.

Risk Levels

1 – 1.5 = Extreme Risk
1.51 – 2.49 = Severe Risk
2.5 – 3 = Moderate Risk

Risk scores for The Week in Breach are calculated using a formula that considers a wide range of factors related to the assessed breach.

Threat Spotlight

Cybersecurity News Reports That Insider Threats Have Grown by 47%  

Insider threats are a top cybersecurity risk for any company, and that risk is growing rapidly. Recently in the news, statistics from the Ponemon Institute report show that insider threats have climbed by 47% over the last two years. Whether they come from malicious sources or just simple human errors, insider threats have the potential to devastate a business. 

Malicious insiders are finding it very profitable to sell data on the Dark Web, especially COVID-19 healthcare and research data. An expanding market for credentials tempts staffers into taking advantage of lucrative opportunities to sell their access credentials, especially if they’re highly privileged. Over 25% of cyberattacks caused by insider threats come from malicious insiders.

Unintentional insider threats are less ominous and more common. More than 60% of breaches caused by insider threats are caused by staffers who aren’t trying to damage the company – they just made a mistake. Unfortunately, that mistake can be the door to a data breach that results in your information hitting the Dark Web, plus and expensive and time-consuming recovery, sometimes with regulatory penalties topping it off. 

Learning how to define insider threats and having some examples of potential threat vectors to consider can help companies decrease their chance of damage from an insider threat. The first step in creating an effective defense is choosing a dynamic cybersecurity risk protection platform with multiple solutions that work together to mitigate the risk of a bad actor gaining access to systems and data.  

Malicious insiders will almost always be looking for a way to profit off of the data or access that they’re selling, and they’re most likely to turn to the busy data markets on the Dark Web.

Need to Know

Improving Password Security Improves All of Your Defenses    

One of the top concerns that many businesses have when making a cybersecurity plan is how to protect themselves from cybercriminals. But that’s not the right thing to have at the top of your cybersecurity checklist. More cybersecurity incidents like a data breach are caused by human error than anything else – and one of the worst errors that many staffers make is creating a terrible password. 

Bad, weak, cracked, or compromised passwords are the bread and butter of cybercrime. Login credentials are currency, especially for privileged users. The fastest, cheapest, and easiest way to immediately improve your cybersecurity is to teach and enforce good password hygiene, from creation to storage.

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